Ranking Cybercrimes based on their impact to organisations’ welfare: An African Perspective
This study determined cybercrimes highly reported to impact organisations across the world through online media. It further identified cybercrimes perceived to affect organisations in the African context. The study was motivated by the need for organisations to know the most prevailing cybercrimes, so as to design relevant controls for enhanced business continuity. The literature suggested a significant increase of cybercrimes, which significantly affect operations in terms of system downtime and the cost.
The study used the quantitative approach to obtain its results. First, it searched for online pages reporting cybercrimes in 2018. Consequently, the study tallied the frequency to which the crime if reported by different media. Cybercrimes were ranked, and those which were top of the list were identified. In the African context, the study used 50 respondents, from four African countries (who were cyber specialist), attending training in Arusha, Tanzania. Through interviews and a focus group discussion, a consensus was arrived on cybercrimes highly affecting organisations in Africa.
The following are the most reported crimes through online media: Illegal system interference, computer related fraud, data breaches, identity related crimes, and child pornography. The following are the crimes perceived to affect organisations in the African context: Illegal access, publication of false information, illegal devices, computer related forgery, computer related fraud, and identity related crimes. Organisations have the responsibility of placing relevant controls to minimise the impact of these crimes, and others, to ensure, the business continuity.
Lubua and Pretorius